During the riots in the autumn of 2006, X. Y. was ill-treated by police officers while being escorted to a police van after his apprehension. The case was witnessed by fellow police officers, who were charged in a supplementary private prosecution procedure (in which the prosecution was represented by HHC’s lawyer) for not intervening and not informing their superior about the case. On 8 March 2012, the Metropolitan Court of Appeal ruled in its second instance decision that the police officers witnessing the ill-treatment failed to comply with their duties, such as attempting to prevent the ill-treatment, and accordingly, they were sentenced for participating in committing the crimes of assault and ill-treatment in official proceedings and were put on probation. The case continued before the Curia on the third instance. In its judgment delivered on 15 November 2012 the Curia upheld the second instance decision, thus the conviction of the police officers became final.